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Showing posts with label FOOD AND SCIENCE. Show all posts
Showing posts with label FOOD AND SCIENCE. Show all posts


Microgreens | Source of Essential Nutrients

Microgreens are rich in nutrients and can be easily grown at home over a small space. In places where all vegetables are not available or in situations where kids avoid few vegetables, microgreens are good answer fulfilling all the dietary needs. They cannot be the immediate magic medicine for any health ailment, but inculcating microgreens in the diet along with small changes in life style can be helpful in avoiding the risk of heart diseases, Alzheimer’s disease and cancers. Apart from this, nutrients content packed in the very minute volume is a boon for people on diet. 


Water | Nutrient or Not!

Nutrients are the biological molecules or chemical compounds which are required for the growth and development of an individual or cell.  The nutrients are classified in to two categories based on the carbon content,  Organic and Inorganic nutrients. 
The nutrients which have hydrocarbons as their backbone are Organic nutrients and those who doesn't lacks hydrocarbons as backbone are inorganic nutrients. 
Do you consider water as nutrient?
Do You Consider Water As Nutrient? 

Broadly, in terms of food nutrients are proteins, vitamins, minerals and  carbohydrates. These my be organic or inorganic. 

Any chemical compound is considered as nutrient when it is essential for the organism or cell or have significance in the bio-chemical pathway of the cell. 

A nutrient must have following properties: 

  • It should be bio-active and bio-available. 
  • It must contain hydrogen or carbon in its chemical structure.
  • It should be metabolized.
  • It should be required in adequate manner. 
  • Nutrients must be a source of energy or any molecule which is responsible for energy or biological factors. 
Water is required by any cell because it is universal solvent and have unique properties.  It is metabolized by body and have significance in various biological pathways.  Water does not contributes in the production of energy or any other molecules but helps in the formation and packaging of several bio-molecules. 

Health And Nutrition


Vitamins and Minerals requirement in a day

Following data can be used to make diet plan be sure about your daily calorie uptake based on your requirements, the following table is made at 2300 Kcal per average person.  
 diet rich foods having vitamins and minerals

To Know More about Vitamins click here

Follow ICMR guidlines if you have any deficiency. Click here to know disease caused by vitamins deficiency.
To know more about FSSAI and ICMR Click here





PER 100Kcal

PER 2300 kcal




35 mcg

805 mcg



1.38 mg



1.84 mg



20.7 mg



3.45 mg



1.84 mg



17.25 mcg


10 mcg

230 mcg


0.07 mcg

1.6 mcg


2.25 mcg

21.75 mcg


0.5 mcg

11.5 mcg


0.5g of polyunsaturated fatty acids expressed as linoleic acid but in no case less than 0.1mg per 100available Kcal

2.3 mg



80.5 mcg




690 mg



690 mg



1840 mg



805 mg



690 mg



172.5 mg



11.5 mg



11.5 mg



1380 mcg



149.5 mcg



57.5 mcg



1.15 mg



28.75 mcg



80.5 mcg

Health And Nutrition


DIY Cures for Common Skin issues

Skin is the most sensitive and first line of defense as well as represents beauty. To remain Healthy, skin needs fresh nutrients and proper natural cares. Here are some interesting DIY hacks for common skin issues...... ;
Anti-oxidants work as anti-ageing agents, the naturally occurring fruits and vegetables are best solutions for skin problems. Using natural chemicals we have one benefit they can be easily degraded by our body cells without any negative effects. 



Lemon contains citric acid which can change pH value of the skin. The pH value determines the skin's acidity or alkalinity.  Tomato juice soothes the skin. 
Apply fresh lemon and tomato juice after washing your face. Wash it off after waiting for  10-15 minutes. 



Curd contains Vitamin C and Vitamin B's in high quantity with Zinc and Calcium which makes it natural skin care. Banana contains Lectin. It is a kind of protein that destroys acne causing bacteria. Mix well banana and Honey with curd before using.
In case of dry skin, the pH level is more and needs to be reduced. Mix curd and honey in equal quantities after that add a smaller portion of banana to it. Apply and wash it off in 10-15 minutes.



Pomegranate is a rich source of vitamin C and has anti-ageing and anti-oxidant properties. Apply probiotic curd properly on the face as a pack and wash it off after 5 minutes.  
Make a face pack using pomegranate paste and 1 table spoon honey.  Apply this paste on your face and neck and wash it off with rose water after 30 minutes. 
Fresh rose flower
Skin is very much sensitive part of the body and shows reaction with any type of uncertainty. Proper natural cure makes these problems away.
Take care of it.....!
You have better ideas on it please share with us... We would love to hear from you..

Disclaimer:- For any recurring and long term problem related to skin consult the expert. 



Gym lover uses dianabol as a supplement to increase their muscle size in short duration of time, without knowing the side effects of the dianabol.  Yes, dianabol increases the muscle mass within 4 to 6 week by  increasing the protein synthesis in our body, the health supplements should be consumed under the guidance of the health professionals, other wise you may face these side effects :

Side effects of Dianabol 

Besides it have lot of benefits  but it is really harmful to use without the consult of any  Doctor. Dianabol increases the Blood pressure of individual, acne starts appearing more on face and specially on back,  mood swings arises on normal situation and many other problems arise who use Dianabol as a supplement of body building. Proper doses are taken to avoid more serious problems.  The major side effects occurs to the liver, liver damages  because when you take Dianabol enzymatic activity increases in the liver therefore liver goes in the stressed condition and will damage, if high doses are taken by the individual for long. Person must use liver protector to avoid the damage of the liver like Liv52 and Milk thistle, milk thistle is not only used a liver protect but it is also used to cure the liver from prior use of dianabol so one who have used dianabol and didn’t took liver protector can use it now to cure it.
If you use dianabol than keep in trace the blood pressure of your body.
Testosterone levels are also suppressed in our body; it lowers the count of sperm in our semen. It makes sperm weaker due to which they cannot reach the egg and can’t start the processes of fertilization which is required to produce baby.


Dianabol is taken orally and injections are also used to introduce them in the body. Usually  use of dianabol are divided in three stages- 
Beginners minimum dose 10mg-15mg and maximum 25mg, 
Intermediate minimum 25mg-30mg and maximum 40mg whereas 
Advance minimum 40mg-50mg and maximum 80mg. some of advance trainer claims that they use 100mg during their bulking cycle. Any excess dose can create a serious problem to the individual; one should have a great knowledge of the dose and how to use it in proper way.
You must prefer your health consultant to use the muscle gainers.
Amount/ dose of dianabol to be consumed by a person
Directions to Consume


A proper PTC (Post Cycle Therapy) is required to remove the toxic substance of Dianabol from the body. When you end your Dianabol cycle it is important to do post cycle therapy to help the body to start the production of testosterone on its own as dianabol suppresses the production of testosterone. Bodybuilder usually uses CLOMID and NOLVADEX for 4 to 6 weeks and takes doses around 150mg or 40mg respectively as PTC.
Day 1 to 10 HCG is taken around 500-1000iยต
Day 11 to week 3 = 40mg clomid and 150mg nolvadex
Week 4 to 5 = 20 mg clomid and 100mg nolvadex
Week 6 to 7 = 10mg clomid and 75mg of nolvadex
( Concentration of clomid and nolvadex are reduced to make body comfortable to produce the testosterone.)
The medications in this therapy are recommended by my health professional by examining my health and side effects, Please consult your Health professionals before starting.

Product of PTC
Clomid in market is available by name = Siphene 50 or Clofert 50.
Nolvadex = Mamofen 20 or Tamoxinfin 10 or Tamtero 10.
HCG = Corion, Hucog-5000hp.

Note: The product in this article which are mentioned are for indicative purposes, if you are willing to use them consult with your Health professionals or Doctor. 



Melamine is a chemical compound which have greater Nitrogen content. The chemical compound is used to make plastics,  glassware and Floor tiles.  This is a hard plastic substance which is very harmfull for human and animals also. 
Difference between Pure milk and Adulterated mikk
Milk Adulteration : Differences in pure and impure 

Adulterated Milk

The adulteration can be done in many ways in milk, like mixing water adding extra natural fat or protein  which is proven to be fit for health, but adulteration of chemicals which are not fruitful is quiet dangerous and injurious to health.
Since Melamine is white powder like compound thus  it is  easier to mix it with protein and infant milk formula. Generally the food products are first quality checked and assured by the FOOD SAFETY AND  STANDARD AUTHORITY OF INDIA
It can't easily detected in the laboratory tests and the companies sold them without any fear. 
But the chemical compound can't be easily detected in initial tests. Because the assesments are done to identify the amount of protein on the basis of Nitrogen content and luckily this compound is rich in Nitrogen.  When further tests are done to identify the type of protein then it was found that the Nitrogen is present due to Melamine!

Country's Who Banned it 

In 2008, about 3 lacs children of China fall sick due to milk adulteration initially the government didn't  recognize it after  lot of test they found Melamine a main reason and banned its adulteration in milk and in any other food. 
In USA and many other countries also it is banned.  
But in India  the milk factories are using it in small amounts but it also a great threat to children. 

This adulterated milk is also used to make sweets in India. The chemical compound gives hardness to the sweets which is not naturally present in sweets when compared. 

Health effects of Melamine 

  • Cancer: The compound reacts with organic molecules of the body and activate carcinogenic cells 
  • Kidney Stone: Since the compound is used to make tiles,  plastics thus accumulation in kidneys cause stones. 
So what are your opinions on this,  do you feel that the milk you are consuming is pure and do not have any harmful compound... There are much which will be in next articles if you know any one tell us............ 
Health And Nutrition


Amino Acids | Health Supplement

  Amino acids are the building blocks of protein as well as of the body. Some of the amino acids which are the derivatives of the essential amino acids are very useful for growth and development however human body can synthesize them but during stress of poor metabolic activities they may be externally supplemented. Here are few of them described:                                                 

L-Glutamine is an amino acid. Generally it is synthesized in the body in a limited amount. During stress the requirement of glutamine is increased by the body. Glutamine is found in muscles. The mineral salts are also added to compensate the loss of ions during the metabolic activity.
The amino acid is synthesized in the body in the form of glutamic acid but in limited amount during stress. The dietary source of glutamine is beef and chicken. Thus it become hard for vegans to meet their requirement. In that case glutamine is externally supplemented in the body.


  • Build immunity
  • Gut function
  • Helps to counteract oxidative stress
  • Growth and development of muscles 

L-Arginine is an amino acid require


Venom or Poison |

Venom and poison both are similar words but biologically they  are different. Many people thinks about venom and poison same thing here are the difference between them :


It is a natural poison secreted by reptiles and some other creatures. Venom is poisonous when it is injected in bloodstream only it never harm when eaten or drink through mouth. Venom is less harmful than artificial poisons and its effects and symptoms are slow to increase. Venom contains several enzymes or enzyme blocking parts which when comes in contact with blood stops the functionality of blood.
However some snakes have very dangerous venom like cobra and other related species but they can also be cured there anti-venoms have been developed. However survival rate is quite low because the patient can't be taken hospital within an hour. 


It may be artificial or natural but in most of dangerous poison they are artificially made. They are much more toxic than venoms.  Their effect is too quick and fast. Some poisons are too much dangerous that they kill eventually when come contact with the person's inner part. Poison is harmful in both cases when comes in contact with bloodstream or in mouth.  Poison is designed to work on the metabolic pathways. Metabolic activities occur in every part of human body so wherever it will present start affecting.

Remember a person can be saved when he/she is infected with venom, by poison still hard to save. 


Vitamins | Generic name, Sources and Functions

Generally there are 13 vitamins found in nature. These 13 vitamins are vital for human metabolism and immunity as they are the mutual part of several enzymes. You have heard about Vitamin B complex it is the most abundant and required complex found in nature. Vitamin B complex comprises of five B vitamins except B7,   B9 and B12. For details scroll bellow to find more....... 
Name of Vitamin Generic Name(s) Sources  Functions 
Vitamin A Retinol, Beta-carotene

Retinol from animal sources-: eggs,  liver,  fish

Beta-carotene from plant source-: green vegetables,  carrot,  orange

Vision,  Skin,  Mucous membranes 
Vitamin B1  Thiamine  Pork, Wheat, grain,  Breads,  Cereals, Legumes, Nuts & Seeds Part of an enzyme,  Energy metabolism,  Nerve function
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin Milk and its Products,  Green vegetables,  Cereals,  Whole grain Part of an enzyme, Energy metabolism,  Skin Health 
Vitamin B3 Niacin, Niacinamide, Nicotinamide  Meat,  Poultry,  Fish,  Cereals,  Green vegetables,  Butter,  Mushrooms  Part of an enzyme, Energy metabolism, Skin Health,  Digestive System 
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic acid  Milk,  Vegetables,  Fruits Part of an Enzyme, Energy metabolism 
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine, Pyridoxamine  Meat,  Poultry,  Vegetables,  Fruits Part of an enzyme,  Protein metabolism,  RBC formation
Vitamin B7 Biotin Milk, Vegetables,  Fruits,  Produced in gut by bacteria Hairs, Part of an enzyme,  Energy metabolism 
Vitamin B9 Folic acid  Green vegetables, Legumes, Seeds, Orange juice, Liver Part of an enzyme,  RBC DNA & New cell formation
Vitamin B12 Cynocobalamine, Methylcobalamine, Adenosylcobalamine, Hydroxocobalamine  Meat,  Poultry,  Fish,  Sea food Part of an enzyme,  New cell formation, Nerve function
Vitamin C Ascorbic acid  Citrus fruits,  Vegetables, Tomatoes, Pepper  Antioxidant, Protein metabolism, Immune health,  Iron absorption 
Vitamin D  Ergocalciferol,  Cholecalciferol Egg, Liver,  Fish,  Milk Calcium absorption,  Bone health
Vitamin E Tocopherol PUFA, Green vegetables,  Egg,  Nuts Antioxidant, Cell wall protection 
Vitamin K Phylloquinone 

Green vegetables ( Spinach,  Broccoli ) produced in gut by bacteria 

Proper blood clotting, Strengthen Teeth & Bones



Nutreints are the basic requirements of the person but how much one should consume it is decided by the organizations which work under the government. These organizations make study over the person taking each and every situation, to find out how much a person take minerals and vitamin on daily basis. This is called RDA( Recommend Daily Allowances) which is decided by the ESPEN,  FSSAI and ICMR.  

It is a European Society of Parentreal and Entreal Nutrition. This organization provide and make the guidlines of consumption of vitamins, minerals  and proteins to the patients. 
The aim of this organization to provide basic information to the patient about their RDA. 

It is a Food Safety and Security Authority of India which gives the guidlines of consumption of vitamins,  minerals and proteins to the healthy person. 

It is a Indian Council Of Medical Research which gives the guidlines fir the consumption of vitamins , minerals and proteins to the nutrient deficent person. 

For the RDA limit given by the FSSAI and ICMR see the post on this blog ''RDA limit as per FSSAI and ICMR''



The human stomach related framework is an intricate arrangement of organs and organs that procedures nourishment. So as to utilize the nourishment we eat, our body needs to separate the sustenance into littler atoms that it can process; it likewise needs to discharge squander. 

The greater part of the stomach related organs (like the stomach and digestive organs) are tube-like and contain the sustenance as it advances through the body. The stomach related framework is basically a long, contorting tube that keeps running from the mouth to the butt, in addition to a couple of different organs (like the liver and pancreas) that create or store stomach related chemicals. 

The beginning of the procedure - the mouth: 
The stomach related process starts in the mouth. Sustenance is mostly separated by the way toward biting and by the substance activity of salivary compounds (these chemicals are created by the salivary organs and separate starches into littler particles). 

While in transit to the stomach: the throat - In the wake of being bitten and gulped, the sustenance enters the throat. The throat is a long tube that keeps running from the mouth to the stomach. It utilizes musical, wave-like muscle developments (called peristalsis) to constrain nourishment from the throat into the stomach. This muscle development enables us to eat or drink notwithstanding when we're topsy turvy. 

In the stomach - The stomach is a substantial, sack-like organ that agitates the sustenance and showers it in an exceptionally solid corrosive (gastric corrosive). Nourishment in the stomach that is mostly processed and blended with stomach acids is called chyme. 

In the small digestive system - In the wake of being in the stomach, sustenance enters the duodenum, the initial segment of the small digestive tract. It at that point enters the jejunum and afterward the ileum (the last piece of the small digestive system). In the small digestive system, bile (delivered in the liver and put away in the rankle bladder), pancreatic chemicals, and other stomach related catalysts created by the internal mass of the small digestive system help in the breakdown of sustenance. 

In the digestive organ - Subsequent to going through the small digestive system, sustenance goes into the internal organ. In the digestive organ, a portion of the water and electrolytes (chemicals like sodium) are expelled from the sustenance. Numerous microorganisms (microscopic organisms like Bacteroides, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Escherichia coli, and Klebsiella) in the internal organ help in the absorption procedure. The initial segment of the digestive organ is known as the cecum (the supplement is associated with the cecum). Nourishment at that point ventures upward in the climbing colon. The nourishment traversed the guts in the transverse colon, backpedals down the opposite side of the body in the sliding colon, and after that through the sigmoid colon. 

The finish of the procedure - Strong waste is then put away in the rectum until the point that it is discharged by means of the anus. 

Facts about Our Digestive system

 • We eat about 500kg of food per year.
1.7 liters of saliva is produced each day.
The esophagus is approximately 25cm long.
Muscles contract in waves to move the food down the esophagus. This means that food would get to a person's stomach, even if they were standing on their head.
An adult's stomach can hold approximately 1.5 liters of material.
Every day 11.5 liters of digested food, liquids and digestive juices flow through the digestive system, but only 100 mls is lost in feces.
In the mouth, food is either cooled or warmed to a more suitable temperature.
Our digestive system has its own little mini-brain.                       
     The functioning of the digestive system is regulated by the enteric nervous system (ENS), which is made up of a tremendous amount of nerve cells and is regulated by the same neurotransmitters, most notably serotonin, found in the brain. This similarity has earned the ENS the title of the "Second Brain".our brain and digestive system work in close partnership, a phenomenon that we have first-hand knowledge of any time our stomach flips when we think of something anxiety-provoking — or more dramatically if we experience diarrhea when we are stressed. This collaboration is thought to be essential to our survival as a species; although digestion is essential for life, dealing with threats is just as necessary. The body developed the "flight or fight" system to divert resources away from the digestive system to the systems of the body needed to fight off or run away from things that might do us harm. Dysfunction in the brain-gut connection has been theorized to play a role in the development of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGDs).