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FOOD AND SCIENCEHEALTH

Vitamins | Generic name, Sources and Functions

Generally there are 13 vitamins found in nature. These 13 vitamins are vital for human metabolism and immunity as they are the mutual part of several enzymes. You have heard about Vitamin B complex it is the most abundant and required complex found in nature. Vitamin B complex comprises of five B vitamins except B7, B9 and B12. For details scroll bellow to find more....... 
 
Name of Vitamin Generic Name(s) Sources  Functions 
Vitamin A Retinol, Beta-carotene Retinol from animal sources-: eggs, liver, fish Beta-carotene from plant source-: green vegetables, carrot, orange Vision, Skin, Mucous membranes 
Vitamin B1  Thiamine  Pork, Wheat, grain, Breads, Cereals, Legumes, Nuts & Seeds Part of an enzyme, Energy metabolism, Nerve function
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin Milk and its Products, Green vegetables, Cereals, Whole grain Part of an enzyme, Energy metabolism, Skin Health 
Vitamin B3 Niacin, Niacinamide, Nicotinamide  Meat, Poultry, Fish, Cereals, Green vegetables, Butter, Mushrooms  Part of an enzyme, Energy metabolism, Skin Health, Digestive System 
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic acid  Milk, Vegetables, Fruits Part of an Enzyme, Energy metabolism 
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine, Pyridoxamine  Meat, Poultry, Vegetables, Fruits Part of an enzyme, Protein metabolism, RBC formation
Vitamin B7 Biotin Milk, Vegetables, Fruits, Produced in gut by bacteria Hairs, Part of an enzyme, Energy metabolism 
Vitamin B9 Folic acid  Green vegetables, Legumes, Seeds, Orange juice, Liver Part of an enzyme, RBC DNA & New cell formation
Vitamin B12 Cynocobalamine, Methylcobalamine, Adenosylcobalamine, Hydroxocobalamine  Meat, Poultry, Fish, Sea food Part of an enzyme, New cell formation, Nerve function
Vitamin C Ascorbic acid  Citrus fruits, Vegetables, Tomatoes, Pepper  Antioxidant, Protein metabolism, Immune health, Iron absorption 
Vitamin D  Ergocalciferol, Cholecalciferol Egg, Liver, Fish, Milk Calcium absorption, Bone health
Vitamin E Tocopherol PUFA, Green vegetables, Egg, Nuts Antioxidant, Cell wall protection 
Vitamin K Phylloquinone  Green vegetables ( Spinach, Broccoli ) produced in gut by bacteria  Proper blood clotting, Strengthen Teeth & Bones

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